# On the range of the relative higher index and the higher rho-invariant for positive scalar curvature

Z. Xie, G. Yu, R. Zeidler
### Abstract

Let $M$ be a closed spin manifold which supports a positive scalar curvature metric. The set of concordance classes of positive scalar curvature metrics on $M$ forms an abelian group $P(M)$ after fixing a positive scalar curvature metric. The group $P(M)$ measures the size of the space of positive scalar curvature metrics on $M$. Weinberger and Yu gave a lower bound of the rank of $P(M)$ in terms of the number of torsion elements of $\pi_1(M)$. In this paper, we give a sharper lower bound of the rank of $P(M)$ by studying the image of the relative higher index map from $P(M)$ to the real K-theory of the group $\mathrm{C}^\ast$-algebra $\mathrm{C}^\ast_{\mathrm{r}}(\pi_1(M))$. We show that it rationally contains the image of the Baum-Connes assembly map up to a certain homological degree depending on the dimension of $M$. At the same time we obtain lower bounds for the positive scalar curvature bordism group by applying the higher rho-invariant.

Publication

*arXiv preprint*